|L to R: Tunic, Toga and Toga|
According to http://www.romae-vitam.com, there was the tunica, the toga and two different types of footwear.
TUNICA - (we get the word "Tunic" from this) The tunica was a rectangle that was pinned around the shoulders and sewn at the edges to form a tubular shape. It was the basic garment of both men and women worn under a toga.
TOGA - The toga was a cloth made of (thick) wool and wrapped around the body. It was usually 6 meters (20 feet) in length. The toga originated from the Etruscans and was introduced by Numa Pompilius the second king of Rome.
WOMEN'S TOGAS AND SHOES - were usually in bright colors and women's shoes were in various colors.
FOOTWEAR - Romans also wore sandals called sandalia and shoes called calcei.
CLOTHING AND SOCIAL STATUS - Commoners wore a tunic that was usually a dark color and made of cheap material or thin wool felt. Aristocrats were usually found in white tunics made of expensive linen or fine wool or even (rare) silk.
ODD FACT - Togas were also worn by women until the 2nd century B.C.. From the 2nd century B.C. onwards, a woman wearing a toga was branded a prostitute.
with stuntmen, illustrating the use of the short sword.|
The Real Gladiators, March 2004.
GLADIATORS -Of course, we had to toss in gladiators, because they also had their own types of clothing. Usually helmets, shields, and weapons.
They often went shirtless or wore a tunica.
They wore a canvas loin cloth, called a subligaculum, which was worn in a variety of colors.
On their feet- were sandals or they went barefoot.
According to TribunesandTruimphs.org, here are some specifics:
- The balteus - a sword belt
- The Cingulum -wide leather belt which was to protect the gladiators waistline from being injured. The Cingulum was often strengthened with metal plates
- Fascia - protective leg padding. A band of material, or skin, or leather
- The Galerus - distinctive metal shoulder guard of the gladiator
- Subarmallis - padded linen worn under armor to prevent chaffing and provided extra protection. Often filled with straw
- An ocrea - metal leg guard, that ran from the knee, or thigh, to below the shin protecting the front of the leg
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