|Rob in Tom in Siena - City on a Hill|
|Outside the striped cathedral|
HOW FAR BACK DOES IT GO? The area where Siena is today was actually first settled in the time of the Etruscans (c. 900–400 BC) when it was inhabited by a tribe called the Saina. The Etruscans were an advanced people who changed the face of central Italy through their use of irrigation to reclaim previously unfarmable land, and their custom of building their settlements in well-defended hill forts. A Roman town called Saena Julia was founded at the site in the time of the Emperor Augustus. The first document mentioning it dates from AD 70.
|inside the cathedral|
THE UNFINISHED CATHEDRAL- The Siena Cathedral began construction in the 12th century but it was unfinished.
|Green and white marble inside the church|
|The unfinished wall|
STRIPES ON THE CATHEDRAL? The bricks that were used to build the Cathedral were covered by marble, which had a green stripe in it. It was "moorish style."
INSIDE THE CATHEDRAL - It contained more white and green striped marble. There were also depictions of all the heads of the popes (172 of them). There were 12th century marble slabs on the floor with drawings and carvings in them.
FAST FACT: COLOR! - The color Siena, which is a red-brown color is actually named for this city. It's because that's the color of the soil. You'll recognize the color mostly because it's a crayon color usually called "Burnt Sienna" from Crayola crayons (and spelled with 2 letter "n"s.
NEXT: Siena Part 2: Banks and Horses